Meat sector, current and future situation facing the new demands of the world market

The meat industry represents a key point in the Spanish food industry, based mainly on pork that reaches up to 61.5% of the 5,593,283 tons produced annually. But in 2013, this production broke the growth trend that had been going on since 2009, 0.7% less than in 2012, which seems to be maintained during the current year.

Image result for spanish meat industryThis has been derived from certain problems that have recently arisen that have affected export barriers and trade agreements such as those caused by outbreaks of certain diseases, Swine Epidemiological Diarrhea (PED) in the United States, or the closure of the Russian market. In the first eight months of the year, exports of pigs from the EU have fallen by 9.2% and have presented a deficit of 522,500 tonnes.

For this reason, the market has to be reoriented and directed to cover the new demands and demands of the sector and the consumer, adapting to the guidelines imposed by the world market. The future focuses on the incorporation of new processing techniques, improvement of food safety and business management, obtaining new products that require more and more technification and that have to meet higher demands related to animal welfare and climate change and emissions.

Among the main requirements faced by the sector are the increasingly pronounced tendency to reduce antibiotics in pig production, even eliminating their use entirely in these animals without affecting the welfare of the animal and the quality of the product without a higher cost , as well as the entry into force of the cessation of castration in pigs that tends to seek alternatives that improve the fat infiltration and the productive and sanitary performance of the animal.

On the other hand, the sectorial chain of the production of fresh meat and processed meat also suffers the demands of the commercial distribution that is the one that has the direct contact with the consumers. In this sense, innovation has to focus mainly on the search for new technologies in the field of food processing, such as the development of bags for salting / smoked foods, but also in the conservation and determination of this state of fresh meat increasingly demanded by the consumer, through the development of new modeling protocols or new packaging and preservation systems that guarantee a lengthening of the useful life.

In short, the future of the sector lies in the development of innovation projects that can meet these needs and allow entry into new markets in which to be competitive. For this, it is necessary a good I + D + i management that relies on the funding opportunities offered by certain Organizations for the development of individual and collaborative projects, among which are the lines offered by the CDTI at the national and the Horizon2020 and Eureka programs at European and international level.

Pre-holiday syndrome: What it is and how to fight it

Image result for holiday“Nobody needs more vacations than the one that just had them.” Elbert Hubbard  

You’ve been waiting all year for this moment, you were the first in your department to ask for the dates; maybe even the first of the company And you have invested more time in planning the holidays than your wedding ! What if beach or mountain, what if hotel or apartment, what if July or August …

You have everything ready, you really wanted it but … you’re starting to feel overwhelmed now that the time is approaching and of course, you ask yourself, am I strange? Would I rather be working than to go on vacation? The truth is that if it serves as a consolation, these thoughts are quite common, and have long since a name: pre-holiday syndrome . Some say that like so many syndromes is something invented with the desire to name everything. It does not matter, with name or without it, the sensation is real and very common.

Why it happens?

There are people who are overwhelmed because they have no partner, friends or loved ones with whom to enjoy the holidays; others, on the other hand, think that there will be too many days with the family and it overwhelms them to spend 24 hours a day with their family. There are also those who can not disconnect from work, especially if they are self-employed or have their own business. And there are also people who simply can not afford a vacation outside their place of residence and are frustrated with wasting their days off at home.

There are many reasons, but what can you do to avoid pre-holiday syndrome or at least cope with it? Take advantage of the countdown for your holidays and put these tips into practice:

How to combat pre-holiday syndrome:

  • Do not set your expectations too high: Think of simply enjoying what is coming and living day to day.
  • Plan what is necessary : Do not leave for the last moment the reservation of flights, hotels and transports; especially if not having it closed will generate more nerves.
  • Do not move the stress of the rest of the year to holidays . In summer there is no hurry to get to school or the office, we can relax a bit the rules and schedules.
  • If you can not go anywhere this year, look for activities in your place of residence . There is always something you want to do or places you want to visit, but during the year you do not have time. Now is the ideal time! In addition, everything will be less crowded of people.
  • If you go to an apartment, the whole family should be aware that ALL should work together making beds, cooking, setting the table … so, the housework will be done faster and you can enjoy leisure time together.
  • Organize the work with time to leave as little as possible and delegate what is necessary in an organized manner.
  • If you have pets that can not travel , talk to someone you trust on time to take care of them or hire a pet hotel.

 

Ensure your well-being and that of yours

Many people consider hiring a travel or health insurance that covers them during their vacations. This is a good measure to enjoy more tranquility, since you can not understand the “what would happen if …”.

But if you make sure when you’re traveling, why not do it when you’re at home? Hiring life insurance when you have dependents guarantees that you will not miss anything, no matter what happens and when it happens.

The 5 most common problems teachers face

Image result for teacher problemsIn the professional development as a teacher, there are problems related to the way in which one learns to teach. However, when you first arrive in the classroom, problems can increase and change in different ways. Being a teacher is not a simple thing because you have to address the requests of the address, parents and students.

The decisive question would be how to be a good teacher? But, reality also requires knowing what are the most common problems faced by a teacher. At present, the student body has evolved by leaps and bounds. Gone is the time when it was easy to repress boys even with physical discipline.

Of course it is not possible, neither legal nor legitimate, to repress students with measures such as the tuck in the fingers, throw the draft that does not pay attention, much less be the boss of the classroom. So, how to perfect the relationship with the students inside the classroom in order to give a successful and attractive class?

Remember that, as a teacher, you have the mission of transmitting knowledge not only in the form of knowledge but of know-how. Teachers above all teach good living, the ways in which these little children or adolescents will be prepared to face the labor and personal challenges of today’s world. Therefore, preparation is essential.

Now, there are all kinds of teachers out there, from those who change our lives to those we hate and then love them, or those who go unnoticed. The last ones are perhaps the professors from whom we obtain basic knowledge, but nothing more; only the first ones are those that manage to make a mark.

There are also the “talacheros” teachers, those who are committed to meeting the needs of the parents and the school management, but they forget the students! If you have thought about what kind of teacher you want to be, then you have come to the right place. A good teacher knows two things: his rights and his obligations.

In the following article we help you to identify the main problems that can arise inside the classroom, in the corridors, and at home, so that later you can change the way you see your profession and how you share it with the world. It is not enough to be the best with the address or the parents, nor with the students. It’s about making a healthy balance.

Think about the teachers you have had throughout your training as a teacher. Surely some of you got nightmares while others left you with the best of years and years of experience. When it comes to preparing yourself as a teacher of the future, what would be the best practices you could implement in your classroom? Think about it and take note.

The big problems for the teacher

 

1. Lack of attention

Image result for lack of attentionTo give a class differs a lot from being in the cinema or in the theater, in both cases the attention of the assistants is put on the screen or on the stage as the case may be. But, when you’re in a class and particularly in the classroom, maintaining visibility is a big challenge. Around you there are maps, windows and other students that distract the attention of the student.

The specialists recommend that, in order to mitigate the lack of attention, you are standing and in constant movement so that the students fix their attention on you. When you move intelligently around the classroom, the student looks at you and not at other elements.

When you are sitting, it is most likely that both you and your students will end up being sleepy, in this way it would be an invisible classroom.

In addition, standing is easier to explain horizontally and vertically, both on the blackboard and between the hallways of the classroom. The fact of standing increases nonverbal language so much that you and your students learn it. In that form of language there is a significant transmission of knowledge.

Also, when standing you can increase control over the classroom because you have more vision and put order in a simple way to any distractor or disruptive behavior.

2. Listen carefully

Popular teaching says that listening is not the same as listening. When you hear a student the only thing you are doing is knowing that he is there, but not knowing what he is saying. Listening consists of knowing actively the message that your student wants to give you. It’s about transmitting to them that what they are saying is important to you.

The other thing is that many times the students themselves do not listen to you. Have you shown them this distinction? What both of you have to say in this classroom game is just as important, so you have to give it a listen. Otherwise the class will be talk, little attention and a lot of desertion.

Listening is also about developing empathy because it is a reality that your students always want attention, so, as much as possible, listen to them as they listen to you. Do not build a distant or negative relationship, rather show them that you care about them, their interests and concerns.

3. Promise and not comply  

Image result for promiseAs a teacher, it is likely that your students will constantly ask you for things that you promise. Remember that there are thousands of things that suit them and when it comes to demanding them, the ideal is that you fulfill them, if you did it as a promise. Your students have an excellent memory for things like that.

However, you have to be scrupulous with what you promise then, if in advance you know you will not comply, why lie. Not only in the classroom but in the whole life, an unfulfilled promise can turn against you. When you break a promise the only thing you gain is the contempt of the people, cruel as this may sound.

The teacher who rejects a promise, does not do more than earn the lack of respect on the part of his students. So, if you can not comply, you better not promise.

4. Not meeting deadlines  

Another major problem for teachers is failure to meet adequate deadlines. It is common that before a tremendously large group it is difficult to review and grade all jobs, exams and also deliver reports to the school coordinator, but failure to meet deadlines can lead to problems.

However, in a good teacher should fit the effort to deliver corrections on time and as soon as possible. Students appreciate that their work is corrected in a timely manner and with that you can earn their respect. If you turn in assignments or exams with observations on time, your students will feel important.

But, in addition, you must have a clear control of what your students have given, what is not and what else is needed to successfully conclude the school year. This is also an important part of your job as a teacher, and if you do not fulfill it, you could be labeled as a “boat” or irresponsible teacher.

5. Mix private life with work

 

At present, social networks are an important part of our life. We turn to them to be close to our loved ones and to be aware of what is happening in terms of national and international news. However, networks are also the gateway to our private life.

With the emergence of social networks, the idea that teachers come down from the sky every day to share knowledge with us has been left behind, and they have become more and more human. But is this prudent?

The recommendation is that all classes should focus on education and not on the personal. Of course you can share personal experiences with them, in the end this is a life teaching for them, but from that to make your students your friends on Facebook there is a great line.

Even if your students ask you more and more questions of your private life or send you requests for friendship, the best thing will be to simply ignore them in order to maintain a strictly professional relationship.

Finally, remember that although it is not easy to be a great teacher, it is not impossible either. Take advantage of your knowledge and exploit it. Remember that as a teacher you have rights and obligations that you have to fulfill, and feel free to improve your living conditions . You do not have any profession, but one of the most admirable of all.